New Hampshire general information
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire. It is bordered by Vermont in the west, Massachusetts in the south, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean in the east, and by the Canadian province of Quebec in the north.
New Hampshire is the 5th smallest and the 9th least populous of the 50 states. New Hampshire became the first of the North American colonies to break away from Great Britain in January 1776. Later that year it was one of the original 13 states that founded the United States of America. In June 1788, New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect. It was the first U.S. state to have its own state constitution. The state is known internationally for the New Hampshire primary, the first primary in the U.S. presidential election cycle. Concord is the state capital, and Manchester is its largest city.
There is no general sales tax, nor is personal income tax (other than interest and dividends) at either the state or local level. New Hampshire license plates carry the state motto: “Live Free or Die”. The state’s nickname, “The Granite State”, refers to its extensive granite formations and quarries.
Among prominent individuals from New Hampshire are founding father Nicholas Gilman, Senator Daniel Webster, Revolutionary War hero John Stark, editor Horace Greeley, founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy, poet Robert Frost, astronaut Alan Shepard, and author Dan Brown. New Hampshire has produced one president: Franklin Pierce. The state has some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast. New Hampshire’s main recreational attractions include:
- Snowmobiling and other winter sports
- Hiking and mountaineering
- Observing the fall foliage
- Summer cottages along many lakes and the seacoast
- Motor sports at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway
- Motorcycle Week, a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beach near Laconia in June.
The White Mountain National Forest links the Vermont and Maine portions of the Appalachian Trail, and boasts the Mount Washington Auto Road, where visitors may drive to the top of 6,288-foot (1,917 m) Mount Washington.
Further Information about New Hampshire may be found on the following pages: