These are the 10 counties in New Hampshire. Five of the counties were created in 1769, when New Hampshire was an English colony and not yet a state, during the first subdivision of the state into counties. The last 2 counties made were Belknap and Carroll Counties, in 1840. Most of New Hampshire’s counties were named for important British or American individuals or for geographic locations and features. Only one county’s name originates from a Native American language, Coos County, which comes from an Algonquian word meaning small pines. The counties are smaller in area in the southern part of the state, where the population is concentrated, and larger in land area in the less populated north. The following links will take you to official county websites, if there is one.